How many of these London facts did you know before reading this? It turns out that its position on the banks of Thames River is carefully planned. Arrange a visit to the Houses of Parliament here. 30) London has hosted the Olympic Games three times – in 1908, 1948 and 2012. During history, London used to have different … History of London; Roman London; Anglo-Saxon London; Norman and Medieval London; Tudor London; Stuart London; 18th-century London; 19th-century London; London 1900–1939; London in World War II; Modern London (from 1945) London in the 1960s; See also; Timeline London portal: 43 CE – Settlement named Londinium. One of the more interesting facts about London is that during World War II, London was a safe place for the governments in exile of six different countries during Hitler’s occupation of Europe: Belgium, France, Holland, Luxembourg, Norway and Poland. The first was in 1924, the second in 2008 and the third in 2009. Some of which Londoners are still discovering to this day. Despite popular belief, it isn’t illegal to die in the Houses of Parliament. Basically, London … Let us know in the comments below! It was founded as Londinium; 2. Competitions have been held here in 1908 and 1948. It was built by Lord Chamberlain’s Men, a company of actors that included the most famous playwright of them all, William Shakespeare. In the late 16th century, Paul Hentzner, a German visitor to the city, made some notes on the bridge: “Upon this is built a tower, on whose top the heads of such as have been executed for high treason are placed on iron spikes: we counted above thirty.”. As well as the 300 languages spoken in London, the amount of museums in the capital adds to the culture of this city. With the land drained and the river covered over, Thorney Island has long since disappeared, although the name lives on in Thorney Street, which runs parallel to Millbank, off Horseferry Road. The Olympic stadium in London is unique in that with 10,000 tons of steel used in construction it is one of the “lightest” in the world. A new theatre was built in 1614, but was demolished in 1644 when all plays were banned by the Puritan parliament. Districts / Areas . London Bridge has long been central to life in the capital, but one of its more macabre purposes was as a site for the display of traitors’ heads, impaled on spikes to serve as a warning to others. Searchers most likely buried them there en-mass after the Great Plague. In 1680, Jonathan Miles opened Jonathan’s Coffee Shop in Bank. Currently, as a population we use far too many…, Click here for COVID-19 Information & Support, 7 ways to living a more sustainable student life, Everything You Need to Know About Student Contents Insurance, The London Universities List & Their Specialisms, How To Decorate Your Student Room (Without Losing Your Deposit! When she’s home, you can see her royal flag flying from the flagpole. London Life. Annual Events. In the east growth spread to Stepney, Ratcliffe, Limehouse and Wapping. Arrange a visit to the Tower of London here. Also known as Eleanor’s Cross, the original Charing Cross was erected by Edward I following the death of his wife of 36 years, Eleanor of Castile, in 1290. This flag, which is called the Royal Standard, must only be flown from buildings where the Queen is present. The Millennium Dome is so big that it can fit the Great Pyramids of Giza comfortably under the roof! By far Britain’s largest metropolis, it is also the country’s economic, transportation, and cultural centre. Menu. The Queen's Guards . Do you have any you’d add to the list? As our final shocker in our list of interesting facts about London, the London Eye was not the first big wheel in London. The history of London is unbelievable, terrifying, hilarious and incredible. The city has as many as 857 galleries. 1. So there you have it, our favourite 7 facts about London that you’ve probably never heard before. London was the first city to reach a population of more than one million, in 1811. Each year, the buses on London’s transport system drive over 300 million miles, which when you tot it up is more than 12x the earth’s circumference. Quick Facts about London. With January just around the corner and plenty of people already talking about ‘new starts’ and ‘healthier lifestyles’, we’ve been…, So things are going to be a little different this New Year’s Eve but that doesn’t mean we can’t still…, This is a guest post by Lisa Herms from Florida, USA, currently a resident at urbanest King’s Cross. During this time, men known as Searchers shouted out ‘Bring out your dead’ all through the summer of 1665. Although it is illegal to enter the Houses of Parliament wearing a suit of armour. She is…, Sustainable living is fundamental to protecting our environment and our future. Discover even more exciting facts about London by exploring London’s culture, history, and food. 1. Blue plaques now hang where these people lived. Facts about London History will trace back the history of London around 2,000 years ago. King Offa (who died in 796) issued a charter describing it as a “loco terribili”, while its modern name derived from the thorns that covered the area. They even went as far as using a hawk to keep them at bay, which evidently turned out to be successful. Another for our facts about London, has to be the numerous famous people that have lived there. However, the real number is unknown, as many more died from indirect causes. London is one of the largest cities in Europe. The Houses of Parliament has 1,000 rooms,100 staircases, eleven courtyards, eight bars … Three out of the ten largest and most popular museums in the world are located in London. To honor this fascination, London Unlocked has put together interesting facts for us in an infographic about London, most of these fact, we bet you didn’t know. The cross, built in the forecourt of Charing Cross station, is a Victorian replacement of the original, 180 yards away from its former location, now marked by a statue of Charles I on horseback looking down Whitehall. Find out more about St Paul’s Cathedral here. Although she has many other royal residences, the Queen still sometimes resides in Buckingham Palace. It’s a shame it didn’t happen, London’s skyline could have done with a tropical feel. The fashionable suburbs spread north along Tottenham Court Road and north west to the village of Paddington. Share your result in the comment section! The earliest such bridges were built by the Ancient Romans when London was known as Londinium. For comparison, the stadium is 75% lighter than its “big brother” in Beijing. This wheel was constructed in 1895 for the Empire of India Exhibition. Such as Karl Marx, Charles Darwin, Sylvia Plath, Charles Dickens, Jimi Hendrix, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Florence Nightingale and 100’s of others. No wonder it’s so hard to get a seat. It went on to serve as residence to both Cardinal Wolsey and Anne Boleyn, and eventually became the home of Sir Walter Ralegh. The megacity that most of us know as London is actually called ‘Greater London’, whilst the City of London itself is a small portion of this sprawling metropolis. London Police Force. It even found popularity among royalty, with both George II and George III visiting with their wives and children. 1) The Romans first built London nearly 2000 years ago – but Boudicca, the queen of a Celtic tribe, burnt it to the ground a … The identity of Jack the Ripper, London’s most notorious serial killer, has never been discovered. History of London . For more great posts from Urbanest about accommodation, London life, study tips and much more, visit the Student Journal. It was built as a royal palace and a defence system. Sin City: thievery, prostitution and murder in medieval London, Love, health and the weather: 9 things medieval Londoners worried about, Shakespeare’s London: playing a dangerous game. Although it failed to save the arch, many other historic buildings owe their survival to groups formed as a result. Opened in 1599, the Globe played host to Shakespeare for 14 years, during which time he wrote many of his greatest works. During this time many things were placed underneath, including a map of London, a copy of the Bible, some daily newspapers, a rupee and 12 photographs of the best looking English women of the time. When Euston station was first opened in 1837, its entrance was dominated by Euston Arch, which stood 70ft high and was supported by four Doric columns, to make it the largest arch in Great Britain. The structure is 365m in diameter; and 52m high in the middle; with 12 supporting poles, symbolising days, weeks and months of the year. Authorities at the time and ‘mystery solvers’ since the killings have suspected a number of different people, however, including Prince Albert, Lewis Carroll and Queen Victoria’s doctor; Sir William Gull. London is formed by two ancient cities – City of London and City of Westminster, both cities forming the region of Greater London Everything you ever wanted to know about... Edward I: man of principle or grasping opportunist? They even went as far as using a hawk to keep them at bay, which evidently turned out to be successful. Westminster Bridge, London. If you can think of any more fun facts about London, leave them in the comments! – facts about this historic city…. Durham House, an example of one such fine residence, was originally built in the mid-14th century as the town house of the Bishop of Durham [though there was a residence of the Bishop of Durham on this site since at least 1220). Apparently, six ravens are still kept in the tower today and they must remain there at all times due to superstitious reasons. If you subscribe to BBC History Magazine Print or Digital Editions then you can unlock 10 years’ worth of archived history material fully searchable by Topic, Location, Period and Person. Fascinating London History Facts . In its day, the Bun House was hugely famous, prompting Jonathan Swift to celebrate the “Rrrrrrrare Chelsea buns” after he visited in 1711. In order for a person to become a black cab driver, they must complete a rigorous test called ‘The Knowledge’, which involves memorising every single street in the capital. The Tower was founded by William the Conqueror towards the end of the 1066. Here are 50 facts to share with fellow travellers on your next journey. For 800 years before the Embankment was built, the Strand was the site of many of London’s finest houses – it boasted river views and close proximity to the City and Westminster. First on our list of facts about London is the cultural diversity. 2. Thank you for subscribing to HistoryExtra, you now have unlimited access. Shops and Markets . In the early 1700s, Chelsea Bun House was opened in Jew’s Row (now Pimlico Road), and it became the site of the invention of Chelsea buns. In 2003, London Mayor Ken Livingstone banned feeding them or selling feed near the square. Here, writing for History Extra, Guard lists 10 surprising facts about the history of London… 1 The origin of Charing Cross Also known as Eleanor’s Cross, the original Charing Cross was erected by Edward I following the death of his wife of 36 years, Eleanor of Castile, in 1290. Thanks! When the London Underground was first proposed, engineers suggested filling the tunnels with water and using barges to float people from station to station, or getting an army of horses to pull the carriages around in the dark. So, there you have it! London Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. And no, the reason for it is not to look good on pictures. By 1690 there were more than 100 companies trading their shares in the city, and traders would meet at Jonathan’s to gather news from other traders, and from merchants entering the city via the Thames. 1) London is the smallest city in England. 50 – London bridge is constructed out of wood. The Liberties of the Fleet in many ways resembled Las Vegas of today – a notorious area famed for debauchery, where the reach of the law was restricted. London is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom London is the largest city in the United Kingdom. The theatre was destroyed by fire in 1613 after its thatch was accidentally set alight by a cannon during a performance of Henry VIII. Here, writing for History Extra, Guard lists 10 surprising facts about the history of London…. Here are some interesting facts about London that are worth knowing: 1. That’s slightly more than the population of India! For extra measures, each raven has a wing clipped, they even have a spare raven handy in case one flies away. Some 100 years later, with the Victoria and Adelaide hotels having been built either side, the arch was recognised as a major landmark, and “the most imposing entrance to a London terminus”. At a point just north of the marshy valley of the Thames, where two … The People of London. Fires raged through the city in Roman times AD 60, 1123, 1666 and again in 1940. It has withstood plague, devastating fire, civil war, aerial bombardment, terrorist attacks, and riots. We couldn’t create a list of facts about London without including the tube. The River Thames. Cleopatra’s Needle, the Egyptian artefact located on the Victoria Embankment, was erected in 1838. One of the most visited cities in the world, London is also the most populous city of UK. Several hospitals were founded in London in the 18th century including Westminster (1720), Guys (1724), St Ge… London was the first city to reach a population of 1 million in 1811. Royal London. To make this even more fun, I want to challenge you as well. Beginning their occupation of Britain under Emperor Claudius in ad 43, the Roman armies soon gained control of much of the southeast of Britain. Located on Philpot Lane, the statue of two tiny mice eating cheese is dedicated to two builders who fell during construction of The Monument after an argument over a missing sandwich, that they blamed on each other but was actually the fault of a mice infestation. The primary function of military stronghold of the Tower didn’t change until the late 19th century. Table of Contents. Buckingham Palace. Facts about London. Here are 25 Interesting Facts about London that you probably didn’t know before reading this! You will shortly receive a receipt for your purchase via email. What to see in London. It has a population of only 9,123 people, making it the smallest in England. We’re lucky to have our accommodation in the city of London as it boasts a wealth of culture and history. In fact, The Great Wheel earns this title. It was renamed the Stock Exchange in 1773. The origin of its name has also a puzzling history. Briefly used for magic-lantern shows, the Colosseum was demolished in 1874 or 1875, and is now covered by Cambridge Gate. Feel free to bore your friends and family with that fact if you ever do a tour of London. Only three babies have ever been born in the Tube. Edward had a memorial cross erected at every resting place of her funeral procession, the last being in the village of Charing – a stopover between the City of London and Westminster. London facts are filled with amazing accounts of battles and regular warring for the development of whole nations. History TV and radio in the UK: what’s on our screens in December 2020? 23rd February 2018 Jess Kadel London boasts over 170 museums, from the massive British Museum, London’s most popular tourist attraction, to the tiny Fan Museum in Greenwich. London serves as the capital of United Kingdom and England. According to TFL, the most popular station is Waterloo, which sees 100.3 million passengers every year. While the fire reduced large parts of the city to ruins, the verified death toll was only six people. London, city, capital of the United Kingdom. A vast rotunda known as the Colosseum was built in Regent’s Park by Decimus Burton between 1824 and 1827, featuring a dome very slightly larger than that of St Paul’s Cathedral. Sign in to manage your newsletter preferences, Sign up to our free newsletter to get the latest articles, podcasts and more. Transport . The Tower of London is one of the city’s most famous historical landmarks, and has a fascinating history. Monument, the 203ft stone obelisk located 203 ft away from where the fire broke out, commemorates those who died. London became the first city in the history that hosted the Olympic games for the third time. An ideal place to make a settlement. It went on to become the site of Westminster Abbey and Westminster Palace, now better known as the Houses of Parliament. The (national) flag: Official name: London: Surface : It is hard to determine the exact surface of London. I couldn’t imagine living anywhere else and it is a privilege to share London’s unique combination of history, art, culture and contemporary attractions with visitors. So successful was the business that on Good Fridays, crowds of more than 50,000 people gathered outside the premises to purchase its products. Another for our facts about London, has to be the numerous famous people that have lived there. Possibly the most disturbing in our facts about London is that 1000 bodies apparently lie under Aldgate station, near Urbanest’s Tower Bridge property. In 2003, London Mayor Ken Livingstone banned feeding them or selling feed near the square. 1. Last of my facts about London is about the Palace of Westminster. Well, gang, we’re taking a trip back in time to find out some quirky – and slightly gruesome! By entering your details, you are agreeing to HistoryExtra terms and conditions and privacy policy. The Great Plague killed roughly 25 million people, which was around a third of the entire population of Europe in the 15th Century. Science, Tech, Math Science Math Social Sciences Computer Science Animals & Nature Humanities History & Culture Visual Arts Literature English Geography Philosophy Issues Languages English as a Second Language Spanish French German … The history finds out that London has experienced terrorist attacks, aerial bombardment, civil war, devastating fire, plaque, riots and civil war. Its history, often maimed by war, disease and fire, shows Londoners’ determination to distinguish the city as a place of innovation, culture and growth. During a performance of Henry VIII Romans when London was the business that on good Fridays, crowds of than! And privacy policy: 7 Secluded and Secret galleries to see in London stone obelisk 203! Paul ’ s Great cities—its london history facts spanning nearly two millennia—and one of the ten largest most. 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